TelexFree: SEC Status Report on Civil Case 14-cv-11858

telexfree-logoPerhaps I am confused or maybe it is a misprint, but this is the Status Report in the TelexFree civil case brought by the SEC:


Status Report

Plaintiff Securities and Exchange Commission hereby informs the Court that, yesterday, October 24, 2016, in United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, defendant James Merrill entered a guilty plea in the criminal case USA v. Wanzeler, et al. (D. Mass. 4:14-cr- 40028) pending before Judge Hillman. The Court did not accept Merrill’s guilty plea at that time and has scheduled sentencing for February 2, 2017. The other criminal defendant, Carlos Wanzeler, fled to Brazil upon learning of the federal charges filed against him where he remains. There is currently still a federal warrant for his arrest.

Respectfully submitted,
/s/ Deena R. Bernstein
Deena R. Bernstein (Mass. Bar No. 558721)
Attorney for Plaintiff

Yep, it says that the court did not accept Merrill’s guilty plea at that time.  OK, then why did they schedule sentencing?

TelexFree: SEC Press Release on Merrill Pleading Guilty



Litigation Release No. 23678 / October 25, 2016

Securities and Exchange Commission v. TelexFree, Inc. et al., No. 1:14-cv-11858-DJC (D. Mass. filed Apr. 15, 2014)

United States v. Carlos Nataniel Wanzeler and James Matthew Merrill, Criminal Action No. 14-cr-40028-TSH (D. Mass. filed May 9, 2014)

Telexfree President Pleads Guilty to Operating Pyramid Scheme in Related Criminal Action

On October 24, 2016, James M. Merrill, of Ashland, Massachusetts, the former president of TelexFree, Inc. and TelexFree, LLC, pled guilty to criminal charges related to his operating a pyramid scheme through TelexFree. On May 9, 2014, Merrill and another defendant, Carlos N. Wanzeler, who is a fugitive located in Brazil, were charged in a federal criminal complaint, charging them with conspiracy to commit wire fraud. The criminal charges against Merrill arose out of the same fraudulent conduct alleged by the SEC in a civil securities fraud action filed in April 2014.

The SEC’s complaint alleged that TelexFree, Merrill, Wanzeler, and other defendants claimed to run a multilevel marketing company that sold telephone service based on “voice over Internet” (VoIP) technology but actually were operating an elaborate pyramid scheme. In addition to charging Merrill and the company, the SEC charged several other TelexFree officers and promoters, and named several entities related to TelexFree as relief defendants based on their receipt of ill-gotten investor funds.

The SEC’s action, which remains pending against all parties, seeks injunctions against each of the defendants from further violations of the charged provisions of the federal securities laws, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains, and civil monetary penalties, among other things.

For further information, see Litigation Release Nos. 22974 (Apr. 17, 2014) (SEC Halts Pyramid Scheme Targeting Dominican and Brazilian Immigrants); 22992 (May 13, 2014) (Criminal Charges Filed Against Two Principals of Massachusetts-Based Telexfree); 23450 (Jan. 20, 2016) (Florida Resident Ordered to Jail Based On Violating Court Orders Obtained by the SEC).

Modified: 10/25/2016

TelexFree: DOJ Press Release on Merrill

Department of Justice
U.S. Attorney’s Office
District of Massachusetts

Monday, October 24, 2016

President of Telexfree Pleads Guilty to Billion Dollar Pyramid Scheme

Approximately $140 million forfeited, along with property, luxury vehicles and boats

BOSTON – The President of Telexfree, Inc., a pyramid scheme that was disguised as an internet telecom company, pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Worcester today.

Merrill, 55, of Ashland, pleaded guilty to one count of wire fraud conspiracy and eight counts of wire fraud.  U.S. District Court Judge Timothy S. Hillman scheduled sentencing for Feb. 2, 2017.  Merrill’s trial was scheduled to begin today.

“The pyramid scheme Mr. Merrill operated defrauded thousands of victims throughout Massachusetts, and in fact, around the world,” said United States Attorney Carmen M. Ortiz.  “Mr. Merrill lined his pockets on the backs of hard working individuals who, in some cases, invested their entire savings.  We hope today’s guilty plea brings some degree of justice to the many victims in this case.”

“The significance of a guilty plea in a case of this magnitude cannot be overstated,” said Special Agent in Charge Matthew Etre of Homeland Security Investigations Boston. “James Merrill is finally facing justice for his role in bilking more than $3 billion from innocent investors, in more than 240 countries around the world, for what amounted to little more than greed.  HSI special agents will continue to aggressively investigate those who seek to profit by taking advantage of others.”

Between February 2012 and April 2014, Merrill was the President of TelexFree, Inc., which sold a “voice-over-internet-protocol” (VOIP) telephone service, similar to Skype, for which customers could sign up on a website maintained by TelexFree.  TelexFree, however, was a pyramid scheme whereby all of the money TelexFree paid out came, not from sales of its product, but from new participants continuously paying TelexFree to sign up as “promoters” for the company.

TelexFree’s website prominently featured Merrill as the leader of the company and as an experienced businessman in the telecom field.  As the website advertised at various times, participants paid $1,425 or $339 to sign up with TelexFree, after which they would be paid $100 per week or $20 per week to post classified ads every day on the internet.  The company couched those payments in terms of “buying back” unused VOIP packages the participants were unable to sell, but the practical reality was that participants were guaranteed an annual return of over 200% on their money without having to sell anything.  Among other things, emails showed Merrill’s awareness that the ad-posting was intended only to ensure that people visited TelexFree’s web site as opposed to generating actual retail sale of the VOIP product.  Participants spent minutes a day cutting and pasting ads into various classified ad sites provided by TelexFree, which were already saturated with thousands of ads posted by earlier participants.

Participants were also given substantial financial incentives to recruit others to join the scheme.  To receive bonuses for recruiting others, in theory each participant needed to have one VOIP customer.  But in reality, participants met this requirement simply by buying the product themselves and, in 97% of instances, never using it.  In this way, TelexFree created the illusion that it had hundreds of thousands of legitimate VOIP customers.  On paper the company sold about 12.4 million VOIP plans, but in reality it had a minute number of legitimate customers, an even smaller number of which had actually paid money to TelexFree for the service.  Overall, the nearly 2 million who participated in TelexFree made 96% of their compensation, not from selling the company’s VOIP service, but from ad-posting and recruiting others to join.

TelexFree derived only a fraction of its total revenue in a two-year period from sales of VOIP service – approximately 2%.  The remaining 98% came from new people buying into the scheme. TelexFree could only pay the returns it had promised to its existing promoters by bringing in money from newly-recruited promoters.

Beginning in late 2012, involvement in TelexFree spread rapidly, and by April 2014, well over a million people worldwide had signed up with the company.  This included over 20,000 people in Worcester, Mass. alone, and thousands more in Boston, Framingham, Chelsea and other communities statewide.  Meanwhile, beginning in 2013, Merrill received increasingly frequent warnings that the company was a pyramid scheme.  Beginning in August 2013, Merrill began to take steps to change how the company did business, but Merrill never alerted the public, even though over a million people signed up for TelexFree between that month and TelexFree’s collapse.

In December 2013, Merrill wired himself and two co-conspirators a total of $10 million from TelexFree accounts.  On April 14, 2014, Telexfree filed for bankruptcy, at which point it owed approximately $5 billion to its participants, while having only about $120 million on hand (about 2% of what it owed).  At that point, approximately 965,225 participants lost money in the scheme, with total losses of about $1,755,927,755.  Overall, these victims came primarily from the United States (all 50 states), Brazil, China, Portugal, Peru, other Central and South American nations, Italy, and Russia, with smaller victim populations in dozens of other countries.

According to the terms of the plea agreement, Merrill will be sentenced to no more than 10 years in prison.  Merrill also agreed to forfeit approximately $140 million, numerous real estate properties, luxury vehicles and boats.  Actual sentences for federal crimes are typically less than the maximum penalties.  Sentences are imposed by a federal district court judge based upon the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

U.S. Attorney Ortiz and HSI SAC Etre made the announcement today.  The U.S. Attorney’s Office also received valuable assistance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Brazilian Federal Police based in Vitoria, Brazil, the Securities & Exchange Commission, and the Massachusetts Securities Division of the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Assistant U.S. Attorneys Andrew E. Lelling and Neil J. Gallagher, Jr., of Ortiz’s Economic Crimes Unit are prosecuting the case.

If you believe that you are a victim of the alleged TelexFree, Inc. scheme, please enter a claim for reimbursement on the following site: [external link].

Financial Fraud
Updated October 24, 2016

TelexFree: James Merrill Pleads Guilty

Merrill-bigJames Merrill pleaded Guilty to Counts 1s-9s (superseding Indictment) which listed 17 separate charges against him. Sentencing is set for February 2017.

UPDATE – According to the terms of the plea agreement, Merrill will be sentenced to no more than 10 years in prison.  Merrill also agreed to forfeit approximately $140 million, numerous real estate properties, luxury vehicles and boats.  Actual sentences for federal crimes are typically less than the maximum penalties.  Sentences are imposed by a federal district court judge based upon the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

BREAKING NEWS -TelexFree: Merrill to Plead GUILTY on Monday….

from the Boston Globe 2 hours ago:

Former TelexFree CEO to plead guilty in $3b pyramid scheme


17fraud - ***warning: image lo res, do not use for more than 1.25 columns *** James Merrill (telex media)
James Merrill.

James Merrill, the former chief executive of TelexFree Inc., an alleged $3 billion global pyramid scheme, is pleading guilty to fraud and other charges in a case that has ensnared more victims than any other in history, the US Attorney in Boston said Friday.

TelexFree started in Brazil and was run from Marlborough from 2013 until April 2014, when federal agents raided the offices and the company filed for federal bankrutpcy protection.

Beth Healy can be reached at Follow her on Twitter @HealyBeth.

There is no word yet on which or how many of the 17 counts he will plead to; this comes from the Docket itself:
10/21/2016 313 ELECTRONIC NOTICE OF HEARING as to James Matthew Merrill. Rule 11 Hearing set for 10/24/2016 at 2:30PM in Courtroom 2 – Worcester before District Judge Timothy S Hillman.Counsel is to contact U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services as soon as possible to determine scheduling of the presentence interview. (Castles, Martin) (Entered: 10/21/2016)
 For more info on what a Rule 11 Hearing is, follow this link:
 Our thanks to for the information!

TelexFree: USA Motion to Exclude Civil Settlement with Gerald Nehra

carlos-wanzeler-and-james-merrill-telexfree-management-criminalsIn the federal criminal case against Merrill and Wanzeler, the government has filed a Motion in Limine (a motion filed by a party to a lawsuit which asks the court for an order or ruling limiting or preventing certain evidence from being presented by the other side at the trial of the case).

As most of you may recall, Nehra and Waak entered into a civil settlement agreement with the Zeek Rewards receiver in case 14-cv-351 in the Western District of North Carolina:

On September 21, 2015, the court appointed receiver filed a complaint against Nehra and Waak (both individually and against the firm Nehra & Waak) to recover damages from the harm that Zeek caused. Among other things, the complaint alleged that Nehra and Waak knew or should have known that Zeek was perpetrating an unlawful pyramid scheme.
In December 2016, Nehra, Waak, and their firm Nehra & Waak entered into a settlement agreement with the receiver. As part of the settlement agreement, Nehra and Waak agreed that “[w]hile they contend they acted in good faith as legal counsel, . . . acknowledge and agree that, based on their current knowledge, during the period of time they served as counsel for [Zeek, it ] in fact operated as an unlawful Ponzi and pyramid
scheme involving an unregistered investment contract that caused hundreds of millions of dollars in losses to innocent victims in the scheme.” As part of the agreement, Nehra and Waak agreed to a confession of judgement and paid $100,000 to the receiver. The district court accepted the settlement agreement and it was publicly filed on December 11, 2015.

I guess the public admission that Nehra and Waak knew they participated in one Ponzi scheme and then went on to participate in another might not look good for their veracity in the TelexFree criminal trial.


The United States respectfully moves this Court to exclude any evidence and/or
cross examination of government witness Gerald P. Nehra, a prior attorney for TelexFree,
regarding a December 2015 civil settlement agreement that Nehra and his firm entered
into with a court appointed asset receiver in the Western District of North Carolina. The
settlement agreement is not relevant to Nehra’s credibility and is entirely collateral to the
subject matter and issues of this case.

Almost seeking to minimize Nehra’s involvement, the motion states:

While Nehra had some interactions with Burks, it was Nehra’s partner Waak who
was the primary attorney on the case. Waak was named as possible witness at trial, but did not testify. Nehra was not named or called as a witness.

As if this was not already a “side-show” the USA states:

The defendant should be precluded from questioning Nehra, or introducing any
evidence, about a civil settlement agreement in a case entirely unrelated to TelexFree and the charged defendants in this case. The settlement does not constitute proper
impeachment, and if admitted, would amount to confusing and timely side-show.

Their reasoning is this:

  1. unless shown otherwise, the agreement is not relevant to the typical proper avenues of impeachment; bias, perception, or recollection of events.
  2. specific rules of evidence prohibit its’ admissibility.
  3. while Nehra’s firm represented Zeek, it was Nerha’s partner Waak who primarily represented Zeek, not Nehra. Waak was called as witness, not Nehra. For this reason, Nehra’s connection to Zeek was more tangential and, for that reason, is less relevant.
  4. it should be noted that the government is not moving to prohibit any reference, Nehra & Waak’s representation of to Zeek or the fact that Zeek and its principal ultimately faced SEC enforcement action and criminal prosecution.

During the charged conspiracy, Nehra received several emails from various TelexFree promoters who raised concerns about possible enforcement action against TelexFree, citing Zeek. Nehra forwarded each of these emails to the defendant.
Instead, the government is seeking a pre-trial ruling to preclude the introduction of
any evidence or any reference to the settlement agreement.

TelexFree: Merrill and Wanzeler Charged in Superseding Indictment

newtelexfreelogoIn a 27 page document filed yesterday, the Grand Jury has added a few charges to the 2 individuals running TelexFree in the USA.  The co-defendants are now charged with 17 counts each, as indicated below:



The superseding indictment also lists all items up for possible forfeiture and the list is huge. I have added this new Indictment and attachments onto the Files Website.

TelexFree: Judge Hillman Issues Memorandum on Merrill’s Motions to Suppress

telexfree-logoAs with many Ponzi scammers that got caught, motions were filed to suppress information obtained by search warrants, claiming the affidavit used to obtain these search warrants was over-broad and inaccurate.  Here’s what Judge Hillman thought about these motions:

James Matthew Merrill (Defendant) has been indicted for eight counts of wire fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1343 and one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1349. The charges are related to TelexFree, Inc. (TelexFree), a company that Merrill and others allegedly ran as an illegal pyramid scheme. Merrill has filed four motions to suppress evidence obtained pursuant to three search warrants: (1) a warrant to search TelexFree’s headquarters in Marlborough, Massachusetts; (2) a warrant to search Xand Corporation, an electronic storage facility in Marlborough, Massachusetts; and (3) a warrant to search Merrill’s personal email account. 1 He also moves for a hearing pursuant to Franks v. Delaware, 438 U.S. 154 (1978), arguing that the affidavit that supported the search warrants contained false statements and material omissions of fact. For the reasons set forth below, Merrill’s motions to suppress and for a Franks hearing (Docket Nos. 237, 238, 239, 244) are denied.

1 Merrill also moved to suppress evidence obtained pursuant to a warrant to search Exigo Office Inc., an electronic storage facility located in Texas. The government has represented that it will not introduce at trial any evidence obtained from this search. Accordingly, Merrill’s motion with regard to Exigo is moot.

The argument Merrill is making is based on an affidavit by James Soares, a Special agent with Homeland Security Investigations, Judge Hillman had this to say:

Merrill has not shown any material misstatements of fact in Soares’s analysis of
TelexFree’s incoming revenue. Rather, he disagrees with Soares’s conclusions based on the facts set forth in the affidavit. Soares acknowledged the existence of the back office system but opined that the ratio of participants buying into TelexFree as promoters versus people buying the phone plan was not likely to be substantially different for customers paying with bank deposits and credit cards as compared to customers paying through the back office. Even if that conclusion was questionable, the underlying facts were disclosed in the affidavit, and Merrill has not challenged their veracity. Accordingly, he has not shown any material misstatements to warrant a Franks hearing.


TelexFree: Judge Denies Merrill’s Motion to Suppress Evidence

newtelexfreelogoBack in May of this year, James Merrill filed for a motion for a Franks Hearing and also to

suppress all evidence derived from any and all search warrants issued pursuant to an affidavit of Special Agent John S. Soares, as the affidavit submitted in support of the search warrants contained false statements and/or reckless misstatements of fact, as well as material omissions of facts, all of which ultimately render the search warrants invalid, see Franks v. Delaware, 438 U.S. 154 (1978).

Just like other scammers caught in the act, he claims the search warrants were obtained through false statements, omitted material information, and that the search warrant affidavit does not establish probable cause to issue a warrant.  Seems like many other Ponzi operators have made the same claim when they got caught; it did not work out well for them, either.

Today, Magistrate Judge Hillman denied these motions.